Constitution

Constitution of the Peaceful Collective Republic of Goldman Mill

 

PREAMBLE

We the People of the Peaceful Collective Republic of Goldman Mill, aka The Microstate of Peace, aka The Town of Peace, an independent and sovereign nation established August 13, 1890, do hereby adopt this constitution in order to:

Promote the common good and well-being of the collective;
Promote the collective’s commitment to peace and pacifism;
Protect the citizenry’s wish to live in a country of peace, pacifism and progressivism;
Protect and preserve our governing philosophy, culture and values;
Protect our land, water and natural resources;
Promote and protect the health and welfare of our citizens;
Encourage and promote educational opportunities for our citizens;
Foster ethical economic development;
Protect the individual rights of our citizens within our peace-progressive philosophy;
Promote self-government and ensure ethical and political integrity of the collective;
Promote the Collective’s values of peace and nonviolence, justice, and protection of the planet throughout the world;
Preserve, secure and exercise all the inherent sovereign rights of Goldman Mill.

ARTICLE I – TERRITORY AND JURISDICTION
Section 1. Territory. The territory of Goldman Mill shall include, to the fullest extent possible, all lands, water, property, airspace, surface rights, subsurface rights and other natural resources held by the collective.
Section 2. Jurisdiction. The government of Goldman Mill shall have jurisdiction over all citizens and over all persons, subjects, property and all activities occurring within its territory as defined by this Article. Nothing in this Article shall be construed to limit the ability of the collective to exercise its jurisdiction while respecting inalienable individual rights, based upon its inherent sovereignty as a nation.

ARTICLE II – CITIZENSHIP
Section 1. Requirements. The citizenry of Goldman Mill shall consist of:
(a) All persons whose names appear on the official citizen census as prepared annually on December 31.
(b) All offspring born to or adopted by citizens.
(c) All persons who apply for citizenship in the collective and are approved and adopted into citizenship, in accordance with the applicable naturalization ordinance.
Section 2. Adoption into Citizenship. The State Council shall have sole and exclusive discretionary authority to approve new citizens, Provided, That at least seven (7) members of the State Council vote in favor of the adoption and, Provided, That all persons granted citizenship under this section shall meet all of the following requirements:
(a) applies for citizenship, in accordance with the applicable enrollment ordinance
(b) demonstrates commitment to peace-progressive values;
(c) successfully completes naturalization peace education and state principles modules;
(d) fulfills green-card residency in Goldman Mill for at least three (3) continuous years;
(e) swears loyalty oath to Goldman Mill, its laws, and its peace-progressive philosophy;
(f) renounces citizenship with any other country.
Section 3. Rights of Citizens. All persons listed as citizens under Section 1, above, or
adopted into membership under Section 2, above, shall have the same rights as citizens in accordance with and equal protection under this constitution.
Section 4. Loss of Citizenship.
(a) Any relinquishing of citizenship shall be done in writing in accordance with the procedures established by an enrollment ordinance. The State Council shall remove from the collective’s census the name of any person who voluntarily relinquishes his or her citizenship in accordance with such procedures.
(b) Any citizen found guilty of violating the guiding philosophy of the state shall be stripped of citizenship and deported by order of the State Council in accordance with the procedures established by an enrollment ordinance.
Section 5. Reinstatement. Any person who relinquishes his or her citizenship, pursuant to Section 4(a), above, or who has been stripped of citizenship and deported pursuant to Section 4(b), above, may be reinstated as a citizen by the State Council if the person meets all of the following requirements:
(a) at least five (5) years have passed since the date of their relinquishment or deportation;
(b) provides adequate proof to the State Council that he or she has committed fully to the laws and philosophy of Goldman Mill;
(c) applies for reinstatement as a citizen, in accordance with the applicable enrollment ordinance;
(d) agrees to a three (3) year green-card residency to demonstrate seriousness of purpose, after which time, the State Council will take a final vote on conferring renewed citizenship; a minimum of seven (7) votes to approve is mandatory.
Section 6. Appeal. Any person whose application for citizenship or reinstatement is rejected shall have the right to appeal to the State Court in accordance with the applicable enrollment ordinance. If the appeal is denied by the State Court, the person will be deported. A rejected applicant may apply again in no less than five (5) years; the green-card residency mandated for re-appeals is one (1) year.
Section 7. Citizenship Roll. The State Council shall maintain a roll of all current and former citizens.
Section 8. Enrollment Ordinance. The State Council shall enact an enrollment ordinance consistent with this constitution.

ARTICLE III – ORGANIZATION OF THE GOVERNMENT
The government of the Peaceful Collective Republic of Goldman Mill, aka The Town of Peace, shall be led by the Head of State, hereby given the title of Prime Minister (locally known as Mayor). The Mayor will be chosen by a majority vote of the State Council from eligible and interested members of the founding Goldman family who are age 21 or over. The Mayor serves from appointment through retirement or death, whichever comes first.  In the event of the Mayor’s incapacitation or death, the Town Administrator will serve as regent until the Mayor becomes healthy enough to resume service or, if the incapacitation becomes permanent or the Mayor dies, until a successor is named. In the event of retirement, he or she will step down officially on August 13 of the year in question and a successor will be installed that same day. In the event that there are no living eligible members of the Goldman family, the State Council will put forward a list of five candidates from the remaining Founding Families (Chase, Connell, Foster, Gomez, James, Johnson, Sims, Tate), from which the citizenry will choose during the year’s July 13 election. The government also shall include a State Council, a State Court and a State Administration. The State Council shall operate in accordance with Articles IV and V. The State Court shall operate in accordance with Article VI. The State Administration, with the exception of the Mayor, shall be subordinate to the State Council and shall operate in accordance with Article VII.

ARTICLE IV – THE STATE COUNCIL
Section 1. The State Council. The governing legislative body of Goldman Mill shall be known as the State Council which shall consist of ten (10) adult members, a non-voting youth member, and the Head of State as listed in this Article. All State Council Members shall be citizens who are selected by the eligible voters of the collective in accordance with this constitution and the election ordinance.
Section 2. Chair and Vice Chair. The State Council shall include the positions of Chair and Vice Chair. The Chair, who shall lead the council, will be the Head of State, who will vote only in the event of a tie. The Vice Chair, who will preside in the Chair’s absence and is a voting member, shall be chosen by the council during a vote each August 13. The Vice Chair will serve a one-year term and may be re-elected subject to the overall term limit imposed for council members.
Section 3. State Council Members. The State Council members are to be elected by all eligible voters as defined by Article VIII, Section 7. Council Members must be at least twenty-one (21) years of age.
Section 4. Youth Council Member. The State Council shall also include one (1) Youth Council Member who must be a citizen, and who must be between 14 and 20 years of age.
Section 5. Terms of Office. The terms of office for all State Council Members except the Chair and the Youth Council Member shall be six (6) years except as provided for in Article VIII, Section 3. Members may serve no more than two consecutive terms and no more than four terms overall. This provision maybe overridden by a unanimous vote of the State Council.
Section 6. Duties of the Officers. The duties of the Chair and Vice Chair shall be established by ordinance enacted by the State Council.
Section 7. Meetings of the State Council.
(a) The State Council shall hold a regular meeting twice a month.
(b) The Chair, Vice Chair, or any three other members may call special meetings of the State Council. Adequate notice of all special meetings shall be given to all members of the State Council.
(c) At each regular or special meeting of the State Council the Vice Chair (or the State Administrator if the Vice Chair is presiding) shall take minutes of the meeting, and a copy of the minutes shall be preserved by the State Administration.
Section 8. Quorum. Seven (7) or more members of the State Council shall constitute a quorum for any regular or special State Council meeting. A quorum is required at all meetings in order to conduct official business of the State Council. Proxy voting shall be prohibited.
Section 9. Voting. The State Council shall make decisions by a majority vote of those present except as otherwise provided in this constitution or in an ordinance which requires more than a majority vote. All State Council Members, excluding the Chair (except to break ties) and the Youth Council Member, shall have
the power to vote. If the Vice Chair is presiding over a matter, he or she may not cast a vote.
Section 10. Code of Ethics. The State Council shall have the power to adopt a Code of Ethics based on State Values governing the conduct of state officials. The Code of Ethics may include disciplinary procedures so long as the official in question is informed of the charges and given an opportunity to respond to those charges including the opportunity to present witnesses and other evidence in his or her defense.

ARTICLE V – POWERS OF THE STATE COUNCIL
The State Council shall have all powers vested in the Peaceful Collective Republic of Goldman Mill, aka The Microstate of Peace through its inherent sovereignty or international law. It shall execute these powers in accordance with the written Collective Values of Goldman Mill and subject to the express limitations contained in this constitution or other applicable laws. These powers include but are not limited to the following:
(a) To represent the collective and act in all matters that concern the welfare of citizens, and to make decisions not inconsistent with or contrary to this constitution;
(b) To negotiate and enter into contracts with other governments, and with individuals, associations, corporations, enterprises or organizations;
(c) To purchase or accept any land or property for Goldman Mill;
(d) To enact laws regulating the use, disposition and inheritance of all property within the territory of the collective;
(e) To prevent or veto the sale, disposition, lease or encumbrance of state lands, interests in land, state funds or other state assets;
(f) To employ legal counsel in accordance with applicable state laws;
(g) To enact laws regulating the domestic relations of persons within the jurisdiction of the collective;
(h) To enact a peace enforcement code governing the conduct of persons within the jurisdiction of the collective in accordance with applicable laws;
(i) To provide for the removal or exclusion of any non-citizen whose presence may be injurious to Goldman Mill citizens, and to prescribe conditions upon which non-citizens may remain within the territory of the collective;
(j) To levy and collect taxes, duties, fees and assessments;
(k) To appropriate and regulate the use of collective funds in accordance with an annual budget approved by the State Council;
(l) To regulate all business activities within the jurisdiction of the collective, and to manage all Goldman Mill’s economic affairs and enterprises;
(m) To regulate all matters and to take all actions necessary to preserve and safeguard the health, safety, welfare and political integrity of Goldman Mill;
(n) To appoint subordinate committees, commissions, boards, government officers and employees, and to set their compensation, tenure and duties;
(o) To enact laws, ordinances and resolutions necessary or incidental to the exercise of its legislative powers;
(p) To take any and all actions necessary and proper for the exercise of the foregoing powers and duties, including those powers and duties not enumerated above, and for all other powers and duties now or hereafter delegated to the State Council, or vested in Goldman Mill by federal law or through its inherent sovereignty.

ARTICLE VI – THE STATE COURT SYSTEM
Section 1. Establishment. The judicial power of the Peaceful Collective Republic of Goldman Mill shall be vested in the State Court System. The State Court System shall include a State Court. There shall also be a Court of Appeals which shall be the court of last resort for all cases filed within the State Court System.
Section 2. Jurisdiction. The judicial power of the courts shall extend to all cases and controversies within the jurisdiction of Goldman Mill, in law or equity, arising under this constitution, the laws or customs of Goldman Mill, or which are vested in the State courts by virtue of the
Collective’s inherent sovereignty. Any case or controversy arising within the jurisdiction of Goldman Mill shall be filed in the State Court or other appropriate forum established by the State Council.
Section 3. Appointment of Judges. The State Council shall appoint judges to serve for a term of four (4) years and may be reappointed indefinitely. There shall be four judges that will rotate for cases heard in the State Court. Three of the judges will preside over matters put before the Court of Appeals. No judge shall preside over a matter in the Court of Appeals if he or she presided over the same matter in the State Court.
Section 4. Qualifications of Judges. The qualifications for judges shall be established by ordinance, Provided, That no additional requirements may be added during the tenure of a judge already in office, unless the additions or changes exempt the present judges during their term.
Section 5. Compensation. Judges shall receive for their services reasonable compensation that shall not be diminished during their term of office.
Section 6. Removal of Judges.
(a) A judge shall be removed by the State Council for:
(1) Final conviction of a felony by any State, federal or state court while serving as judge.
(A) The State Council may suspend a judge charged with a felony pending the outcome of the trial and any appeals, and an interim judge may be appointed for the period of the suspension.
(b) A judge may be disciplined or removed by the State Council, by a vote of at least seven (7) members of the State Council, for:
(1) Converting State property or monies for personal use;
(2) Final conviction of three misdemeanors by any state court while serving as judge;
(3) Unnecessary and repeated delays in hearing matters filed in the Courts; or
(4) Violation of the Judicial Code of Ethics.
(c) A judge shall be given full and fair opportunity to reply to any and all charges for which he or she may be disciplined or removed. A judge who is disciplined or removed may appeal directly to the Court of Appeals.
Section 7. Court Rules. The duties and procedures of the State Court System, and all other court matters not addressed in this article of the constitution, shall be established by the State Council by ordinance. The ordinance may also include a Judicial Code of Ethics governing the conduct of State judges.

ARTICLE VII – THE STATE ADMINISTRATION AND CABINET OF MINISTERS
Section 1. State Administration. The State Administration shall consist of the Chair of the State Council (the Mayor), the State Administrator (the Deputy Mayor), and other persons as deemed necessary by the State Council.
(a) The State Administration shall oversee the administration of Goldman Mill’s business and shall supervise the day to day operations of Goldman Mill.
b) The State Administration, with the exception of the Mayor, shall be subordinate to the State Council.
Section 2. Cabinet of Ministers. The Cabinet of Ministers will be appointed to serve at the Mayor’s pleasure, subject to approval of the State Council.
(a) The Mayor’s Cabinet of Ministers shall oversee matters under specific subject areas, including: Foreign Affairs, Families and Youth Affairs, Public Safety/Emergency Preparedness, Agriculture, Environment and Climate Change, Citizenship-Immigration-Refugees, Finance and National Revenue, Justice, Public Works, Global Trade, Public Health, Transportation, Peace-Values-Education, Employment and Labor, Infrastructure, Small Business, Tourism and Outreach.
(b) New Cabinet designations may be created at the Mayor’s discretion.
(c) Though Ministers answer directly to the Mayor; they often report to the State Council on matters that the legislative body will decide.

 

ARTICLE VIII – ELECTIONS
Section 1. General Elections. General elections to vote for State Council Members shall be held in odd numbered years on July 13. Election of State Council Members shall be staggered so that no more than four Council seats shall be up for election at any one time. The July 13 Election Day will be held annually and will include a referendum covering the yearly State budget and any other initiatives, including bond measures and constitutional questions, as outlined in Article XI.
Section 2. Special Elections. Special elections shall be held when called for by the State Council, by this constitution, or by the voters, as provided for in this constitution or appropriate ordinances.
Section 3. Election Board. The State Council shall appoint an Election Board to conduct all elections including all special elections. The Election Board shall consist of one (1) citizen age 55 or older, one (1) citizen between the ages of 35 and 54, and one (1) citizen between the ages of 21 and 34, Provided, That all members of the Election Board shall be at least 21 years of age, and Provided, further that an Election Board member shall not be eligible to run for a seat on the State Council. All Election Board Members shall serve for a specific term of office as established by the election ordinance. The Election Board may appoint clerks, poll workers and others to assist the Election Board with conducting the election.
Section 5. Nominations. For all elections of State Council Members the Election Board shall conduct a nomination meeting of eligible voters to nominate State members as candidates for State Council seats. The Election Board must schedule the nomination meeting one (1) month before the July 13 election, Provided, That the Election Board shall send by post and electronic mail to all eligible State voters advance notice of both the date of the nomination meeting and the date of the election at least thirty (30) days prior to the nomination meeting. At the nomination meeting, all eligible voters, as defined in Section 7 of this Article, may submit nominations for any vacant seat.

Section 6. Qualifications for State Council. Persons nominated to run for State Council seats must be enrolled State members in good standing who meet the age requirements set forth in Article IV on or before the date of the election, and they must meet the residency requirements set forth in Article IV for at least one year prior to the date of the election. No person may run for a State Council seat who has served twelve (12) or more consecutive months in a Goldman Mill prison.
Section 7. Eligible Voters. All State members who are twenty-one (21) years or older and who reside within the territory of Goldman Mill shall be eligible to vote and are mandated to do so. All State members who are  between the ages of fourteen (14) and twenty-one (21) years and who reside within the territory of Goldman Mill shall be eligible to vote for the youth Council seat and are mandated to do so.
Section 8. Ballots. All voting at regular and special elections shall be done by secret written ballot.
Section 9. Absentee Ballots. Absentee voting shall be permitted.
Section 10. Election Results. The Election Board shall certify the results of an election within three (3) days after the election day. The candidates receiving the highest number of votes shall be declared the winners.
Section 11. Tie Votes. Tie votes between two or more candidates receiving the lowest winning vote count shall be decided in a special runoff election one week following the initial election. All eligible voters are mandated to vote in any runoff election. If a runoff election ends in another tie, the outcome shall be decided by the drawing of straws by the candidates tied for that office. The Election Board shall certify the results of any runoff election within three (3) days after the runoff election day.
Section 12. Challenges. Any State member may challenge the results of any election by presenting his or her challenge to the State Court within three (3) days after the election results are certified. The State Court shall decide all election challenges within ten (10) days from the date the challenge is filed. Any appeals shall be filed with the Court of Appeals within five (5) days of the issuance of the State Court decision, and the Court of Appeals shall decide the appeal within ten (10) days. If the State Court or Court of Appeals invalidates the election results, a new election shall be held within sixty (60) days. If a runoff election is the focus or outcome of a challenge, that election will take place one (1) week after all challenges and appeals have been exhausted.
Section 13. Oath of Office. The oath of office for each newly elected State Council Member shall be administered by the Election Board on August 13, unless a challenge is filed and in that case within thirty (30) days after a final decision by the State Court or Court of Appeals. If a challenge is filed but it does not relate to all of the elected seats, the oath of office shall be administered to the newly elected State Council Members whose seats have not been challenged on August 13. Each incumbent State Council Member shall remain in office until the oath of office is administered to the newly elected State Council Member for his or her seat. Upon expiration of the incumbent’s term of office, he or she shall transfer all State records within his or her control to the newly elected State Council Member.
Section 14. Election Ordinance. The State Council shall enact an election ordinance consistent with this constitution which covers all necessary procedures for all elections.

ARTICLE IX – REMOVAL, RECALL AND VACANCY
Section 1. Removal.
(a) The State Council shall remove a Council Member for:
(1) Final conviction of a felony by any Goldman Mill court while serving on the State Council.
(A) The State Council may suspend a Council Member charged with a felony pending the outcome of the trial and any appeals.
(b) The State Council may discipline or remove a Council Member, by a vote of at least seven (7) members of the State Council, for:
(1) Converting State property or monies for personal use;
(2) Failing to attend four (4) regular or special meetings consecutively without good cause;
(3) Final conviction of three misdemeanors by any Goldman Mill court while serving on the State Council; or
(4) Violation of the Code of Ethics.
(c) In all proceedings under Section 1(a) or 1(b) above, the State Council Member in question shall be afforded full due process rights including a written statement of the charges, the right to respond to those charges and the right to present witnesses and other evidence in his or her defense. The decision of the State Council shall be final and shall be appealable to the State Court only if a claim is made that the State constitution has been violated or due process rights not afforded. A Council Member removed from office must wait at least five (5) years from the official date of removal to run for office again.
(d) A Minister serves at the pleasure of the Mayor, and thus, can be removed at the Mayor’s discretion.
Section 2. Recall.
(a) Any adult State member may initiate recall proceedings against any State Council Member by filing a written request with the Election Board, Provided, That a recall proceeding may not be initiated against any State Council Member whose term expires within six (6) months.
(b) After receipt of the written request, the Election Board shall issue official petition forms to the State member who initiated the recall. The State Council member shall have sixty (60) days to collect the signatures from thirty percent (30%) of the eligible voters of Goldman Mill.
(c) Individual petitions shall be circulated for each State Council Member who is subject to recall. A maximum of three (3) State Council Members may be recalled at a time.
(d) The Election Board shall verify the signatures on a recall petition within ten (10) days of receipt of the petition. If the State Council Member seeking recall has collected the required number of signatures in the allotted time then the Election Board shall hold a recall meeting within sixty (60) days of the receipt of the petition. Notice of the recall meeting shall be mailed to eligible State voters at least thirty (30) days prior to the recall meeting. The person initiating the recall and the person subject to recall shall be given a reasonable opportunity to speak and present evidence at the recall meeting.
(e) A majority vote by secret written ballot of the eligible voters attending the recall meeting shall determine the success or failure of the recall petition(s), Provided, That at least sixty (60%) of the eligible voters actually vote at the recall meeting.
(f) The recall meeting shall be held in accordance with the provisions of an election ordinance which shall include a section on recall procedures.
Section 3. Vacancies.
(a) If a State Council Member should die, resign, or be removed or recalled from office, the State Council shall declare the position vacant. The State Council shall fill a vacancy by special election unless less than six (6) months remain in the term, in which case the State Council shall leave the position vacant. The person who fills a vacant position shall only serve out the term of the person whom he or she is replacing.
(b) All resignations from the State Council shall be done in writing.
(c) If a Minister should die, resign, or be removed at the Mayor’s discretion, the Mayor shall appoint a replacement which must win State Council approval within thirty (30) days of appointment.

ARTICLE X – LAND AND WATER
The State Council shall have the authority to establish land and water policies, adopt a land and water use ordinance and to otherwise regulate land and water within the territory of Goldman Mill in accordance with applicable law.

ARTICLE XI – INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM
Section 1. Initiative. The State Council shall submit any citizen-drafted proposed ordinance or resolution, except those regarding land, housing or the adoption of State members under Article II, Section 2, to popular initiative upon petition of at least thirty percent (30%) of the eligible voters of Goldman Mill, or upon the request of the majority of the members of the State Council. The initiative election shall be held within sixty (60) days after receipt of the qualifying number of petition signatures or the State Council request. The vote of the majority of the eligible voters in such initiative shall decide whether the proposed ordinance or resolution shall thereafter be in effect, Provided, That at least seventy percent (70%) of the eligible voters shall vote in such initiative.
Section 2. Referendum. The State Council shall submit any enacted ordinance, resolution or other official action of the State Council, except those regarding land, housing or the adoption of State members under Article II, Section 2, to popular referendum upon petition of at least thirty percent (30%) of the eligible voters of Goldman Mill or upon the request of the majority of the members of the State Council. Proposed constitutional amendments, budgets and bond measures must be put up for referendum (in which all eligible votes are mandated to participate; these referenda must be held on July 13). On other matters, the referendum election shall be held within sixty (60) days after the receipt of the qualifying number of petition signatures or the State Council request. The vote of the majority of the eligible voters in such referenda shall decide whether the enacted ordinance, resolution or other official action shall thereafter be in effect, Provided, That at least seventy percent (70%) of the eligible voters shall vote in such referenda.
Section 3. Procedures. Initiative and referendum elections shall be conducted by the Election Board and shall be held in accordance with the provisions of an election ordinance which shall include a section on initiative and referendum procedures.

ARTICLE XII – ORDINANCES AND RESOLUTIONS
Section 1. Resolutions. All final decisions on matters of temporary interest where a formal expression is needed shall be embodied in a resolution, noted in the minutes, and shall be available for inspection by members of Goldman Mill during normal business hours.
Section 2. Ordinances. All final decisions on matters of permanent interest shall be embodied in ordinances. Such enactments shall be available for inspection by members of Goldman Mill during normal business hours.

ARTICLE XIII – SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY
The government of Goldman Mill shall be immune from suit except to the extent that the State Council expressly waives Goldman Mill’s sovereign immunity, or as provided by this constitution.

ARTICLE XIV – BILL OF RIGHTS
The Peaceful Collective Republic of Goldman Mill, in exercising its powers of self-government shall not:
(a) make or enforce any law prohibiting the free exercise of religion, or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and to petition for redress of grievances (with the caveat that speech or actions promoting weapons, hate, discrimination and intolerance of specific groups of people are forbidden under law in Goldman Mill);
(b) violate the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures, nor issue warrants, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched and person or thing to be seized;
(c) subject any person for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy;
(d) compel any person in any criminal case to be a witness against himself;
(e) take any private property for a public use without just compensation;
(f) deny to any person in a criminal proceeding the right to a speedy and public trial, to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, to be confronted with the witnesses against him or her, to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his or her favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his or her defense and to have these rights explained at the time of arrest;
(g) require excessive bail, impose excessive fines, or inflict cruel and unusual punishments;
(h) deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of its laws or deprive any person of liberty or property without due process of law; or
(i) pass any bill of attainder or ex post facto law.

ARTICLE XV – GENERAL MEETINGS
The State Council shall call at least one (1) general meeting per year of all the eligible voters of Goldman Mill to identify and discuss important State matters. That one meeting shall take place on August 13, Founders Day.

ARTICLE XVI – AMENDMENTS
This constitution may be amended by a majority vote of the qualified voters of Goldman Mill voting in a referendum election called for that purpose by the State Council, Provided, That at least seventy percent (70%) of those entitled to vote shall vote in such election, as explained in Article XI.

ARTICLE XVIII – ADOPTION OF CONSTITUTION
This constitution was adopted by unanimous vote of the registered voters of the Peaceful Collective Republic of Goldman Mill on August 13, 1890.

CERTIFICATE OF APPROVAL
I, Emmanuel Goldman, First Mayor of Peaceful Collective Republic of Goldman Mill, by virtue of the authority granted by the citizens of Goldman Mill and delegated to me do hereby approve the Constitution of the Peaceful Collective Republic of Goldman Mill. This Constitution is effective as of August 13, 1890.

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